The third table demonstrates the distribution of both gender into account and shows the proportion of women to men in each class. In this table, women are more likely to be found as clerical workers, sales clerks, cleaning, and food service workers class 9 , and routine clerical and supervised technical and service workers class On the contrast, women are least likely to be found as managers, administrator, and self-employed construction contractors class 4 , and unionized skilled industrial workers class This table implies that women are not distributed across all social classes in equal proportion to their overall labor force participation.
Table four illustrates the classification rates of discriminant analysis with the results for the separate male and female samples. When comparing the tables from each other, many conclusions and implications were made. But before we interpret the conclusions, one must understand the difference between sex and gender. The results also obviously illustrate that gender, not sex alone, but integrated gendered class attributes are a significant characteristic because there are different proportions of women and men in each class.
In conclusion, it is the integrated gendered class perspective or approach that is supported by empirical evidence. Besides the article expressing its analysis on gender inequality, there are many theorists and or scholars from other sociological perspectives that address themselves. Sociologists Talcott Parson and Robert Bales, argued that in order for a family to function at all, chores or tasks must be done by a particular role or a division of labor must be established between marital partners.
Within this division of labor, women are more likely or viewed by society to take upon expressiveness tasks or duties, which are concern for the harmony and internal and emotional affairs within the family; whereas the men are more likely to take upon instrumentality tasks, which refer to the focus of distant goals and the external affairs within the family. As for a conflict perspective, conflict theorists view that social structure is undesirable if it is maintained by the method of oppressors and the oppressed.
They are aware that relationships between male and female always had an unequal amount of power with men dominating over the women. Another voice from a feministic point of view is from Letty Cottin Pogrebin who also suggests that in order for men to dominate over women, it had to have started when we were children, taught to accept the gender-role divisions as a natural aspect of life.
Conflict theorists also emphasize the fact that the issues of men being dominant over women goes farther than labor force or the division of tasks within the household. The issue could also be viewed by the way women are treated by men.
For example, wife battering and sexual and street harassment illustrate how women can be seen as the subordinate person or position. Schaefer and Lamm While the functionalist and the conflict perspective focus on the macro levels of society, the interactionist approach focuses on the micro level of society, such as everyday behavior.
One example would be the communication level between a man and a woman. Men are more likely to initiate a conversation, interrupt a woman when she is speaking, ignore topics a woman brings up, and overall give the woman a sense of a verbally dominated conversation. Despite the way each perspective approaches the issue of gender inequality, they all accept the fact that there is a gender inequality among men dominating over women.
Nowadays, women are taking more and more occupations that were once all male or dominated by male. For example, some are taking more governmental occupations, some are now partaking in boxing matches, more and more women are enlisted in the army, and some are even educated in dominant majors such as engineering, physics, and biology.
Because there are more women partaking the once male dominant occupations, there have been organizations and sponsors to support an all women golf team, the WNBA which is an all women basketball team, and even national pool table competitions among women; overall, more women are now being shown on ESPN.
But despite the fact that they are partaken in these events, they are not valued or as popular as to a male partaking in that same event or occupation. You can order a custom essay, term paper, research paper, thesis or dissertation on Gender Inequality topics at our professional custom essay writing service which provides students with high-quality custom written papers at an affordable cost.
Freeman, Despite the way each perspective approaches the issue of gender inequality, they all accept the fact that there is a gender inequality among men dominating over women. Order a custom written paper of high quality Professional Writers only. Free Quote or Order now.
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All these differences are gender differences and they are created by society. Gender inequality is therefore a form of inequality which is distinct from other forms of economic and social inequalities.
It dwells not only outside the household but also centrally within it. It stems not only from pre-existing differences in economic endowments between women and men but also from pre-existing gendered social norms and social perceptions. Gender inequality has adverse impact on development goals as reduces economic growth.
It hampers the overall well being because blocking women from participation in social, political and economic activities can adversely affect the whole society.
Many developing countries including India have displayed gender inequality in education, employment and health. It is common to find girls and women suffering from high mortality rates. There are vast differences in education level of two sexes.
India has witnessed gender inequality from its early history due to its socio-economic and religious practices that resulted in a wide gap between the position of men and women in the society.
The origin of the Indian idea of appropriate female behavior can be traced to the rules laid down by Manu in B. Women's lives are shaped by customs that are centuries old. The sex ratio according to census report stands at per males. Out of the total population, million are women who live in abject poverty. The maternal mortality rate in rural areas is among the world's highest. The deaths of young girls in India exceed those of young boys by over , each year and every 6th infant death is specifically due to gender discrimination.
Women face discrimination right from the childhood. Gender disparities in nutrition are evident from infancy to adulthood. In fact, gender has been the most statistically significant determinant of malnutrition among young children and malnutrition is a frequent, direct or underlying, cause of death among girls below age 5.
Girls are breast-fed less frequently and for a shorter duration in infancy. In childhood and adulthood, males are fed first and better. Adult women consume approximately 1, fewer calories per day than men according to one estimate. Nutritional deprivation has two major , consequences for women they never reach their full growth potential, and suffer from anemia, which are risk factors in pregnancy. This condition complicates childbearing and results in women and infant deaths, and low birth weight infants.
The tradition also requires that women eat last and least throughout their lives even when pregnant and lactating. Malnourished women give birth to malnourished: Women receive less healthcare facilities than men.
Gender inequality begins during the history of how evolution caused us to be segregated of the two groups of male and female. As an outcome of these gender roles came the affect of gender inequalities, in Family households and in the Workplace.
Essays Related to Women and Gender Inequality. 1. Gender Inequality - Standing Up for Women. Throughout history, gender inequality continues to be an issue that is not always on everybody's mind. Gender inequality is the unequal treatment or views of people based on weather they are male or female. 3/5(19).
In conclusion, it is the integrated gendered class perspective or approach that is supported by empirical evidence. Besides the article expressing its analysis on gender inequality, there are many theorists and or scholars from other sociological perspectives that address themselves. Gender Inequality Essay ““GENDER INEQUALITY AND WOMEN IN INDIA” Md Shakil Anjum In India, since long, women were considered as an oppressed section of the society and they were neglected for centuries.
Gender Inequality is the differences in the status, power and prestige women and men have in groups, collectivities and societies. Gender inequality usually affects women more than men due to the status in society. Gender inequality can be found in many sub-systems of America. It is important to understand what gender inequality is in order to identify and correct the problem. Two sub-systems that gender inequality can be found are in the family and in the workplace. Gender inequality, in my definition, is the unequal and biased treatment between the /5(17).